Recluse Spiders – The True Masters of Hide and Seek

Recluse Spiders- The True Masters of Hide and Seek! There are two types of poisonous spiders that call Florida home, Widow spiders and the Recluse spiders. The Black widow, being the most notorious, with their iconic red hourglass and habit of devouring their mate after copulation. The recluse variety lacks the foreboding look that the black widow has. These variety of spiders look rather dull and can easily be mistaken for just a random brown spider. But don’t let their appearance fool you, they can be just as deadly, if not more deadly than that of the black widow. Recluse venom is quite potent and has tissue-destroying qualities. While recluse bites are rare, one should never be ignorant of what to look for when identifying these Arachnids.

brown recluse face, notice the eyes

Recluse identification

  • Florida is home to 3 species of recluse spiders; Brown, Mediterranean, and Chilean. They are not native to Florida but have made this beautiful state their home.
  • The most definitive physical feature of recluse spiders is their eyes. Most Spiders have two rows of four eyes, whereas the recluse has 3 sets of two. See picture above.
  • They are also well known for the violin shape that is located on the head region. Although this marking is fairly consistent in mature brown recluses, it can vary in intensity, sometimes fading on preserved specimens, and it is very faint to nonexistent in several recluse species.
  • The legs of a recluse are uniformly colored. Other spiders have stout spines and a pattern of stripes, rings, or spots on their legs.
brown recluse

Recluses Are Recluse

  • Brown recluses often hide in dark, secluded places, like under porches or deep in closets.  The brown recluse thrives in man-made areas, and may be found under trash cans, tires, etc. It is primarily nocturnal and lays its eggs from May to July.
  • These nocturnal spiders emerge from their retreats at night and actively hunt down prey or may wait for prey to land in the small area several inches from their retreat. When day comes they may seek shelter in dark places such as in clothing or shoes, and mature males roam in search of females. It is these two behaviors that can bring them into contact with people.
  • They are shy and rarely bite unless provoked.
brown recluse lookalike, cithaeron praedonius

A Possible Deadly Bite

  • All recluse spiders are capable of causing necrotic skin lesions.
  • About 10% of brown recluse bites cause moderate or greater tissue damage and scarring, but the vast majority only result in inflammation and heal well without medical intervention. 
  • Deaths do occur but are rare. Young children and adults with pre existing conditions are most vulnerable.
  • Burning, pain, itching or redness are the most common symptoms.
  • Moderate symptoms normally include headaches, body-aches, fever, nausea and vomiting.
  • On the more severe end of the spectrum rashes and ulcers are common. With the most severe symptoms developing into necrotic lesions that without proper treatment can be deadly.

We Got You!

Active prevention is key when keeping your home spider free. Just remember it just takes one female to infest your home! RH Miller Pest Services has been immersed in the Central Florida area in cities like Maitland for over a quarter of a century. We are focused on delivering exceptional service. As with all of our services, our process starts with a free estimate. Call our offices today @ 321-316-3971 set up your free estimate! No one should have to share a space with any sort of pests!


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